Journal of Health Care and Research


Journal of Health Care and Research

About this Journal

Journal of Health Care and Research is an open access international journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles. The Journal is a Tri-annually Publication. It is dedicated to the production of commitments in all fields of exploratory and connected inquires about health sciences. The editors welcome unique commitments that have not been published and are not under thought somewhere else.

Papers acknowledged for publication are double-blind refereed to ensure academic integrity. This Journal endeavours to give the most happening and best research……

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  • All the published articles are open access which means it’s free to access from anywhere in the world.
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Latest Papers


Background: Cardio-metabolic disease is one of the deadliest diseases responsible for the current mortality and morbidity cases. Smoking, drinking alcohol, poor diet, sedentary activities, and malnutrition are some of the modifiable behaviors attributed to the cardio-metabolic disease. Improving dietary operations helps in the eradication of cardio-metabolic complications because the consumption of a balanced diet improves the pleiotropic functioning of cells. It also regulates the inflammatory as well as properties that are against inflammatory acids in the cardiovascular protection process. The purpose of this research is to study the function of Omega-3 and Omega-6 single-chain lipids acids in enhancing cardio-metabolic health.

Methodology: Researchers visited several medical databases required in the acquisition of relevant information and analysis to evaluate the functional importance and effectiveness of Omega-3 and Omega-6 single-chain lipids in the prevention of cardio-metabolic complexions.

Results: The findings of the research, as mentioned above process, showed that Omega-3 and Omega-6 acids keep the cells off from contracting cardio-metabolic complications. They perform this operation by lowering the inflammatory index of arteries, reducing blood clotting, and decreasing the level of low-density lipoproteins in the body.

Conclusion: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) protect the body from cardio-metabolic risk. The human diet should have the right constituent of PUFAs to increase the concentration of single-chain lipids required to protect cardio-metabolic disease in the body.


Objectives: The potential burden of COVID-19 in sub-Saharan African might be substantially more significant than reported, and more than the existing health system can handle. Hence, in this study, we estimate and project the burden and transmission risk of COVID-19, in Nigeria, using current interventions.

Methods: Modified SEIR epidemic mathematical model was used to simulate the disease progression in weeks, for up to 19 weeks. Different situations, involving zero-intervention and varying degrees of interventions are modeled. For the intervention phase, 25% and 75% social distancing are considered, while border closure includes 80% closure of airports, seaports, and intra-state borders, using available data as of 15th May 2020.

Results: The effects of various interventions on the R0 of COVID-19 are presented. A higher percentage of social distancing appears to be more effective in controlling the spread of COVID-19 in Nigeria than border closure. Up to 131,000 persons could be infected if there are no interventions.

Conclusion: According to our results, it is easier to enforce 75% closures than 25%, as the percentage of the population complying with social distancing is higher when at least 75% of public places were closed. The minimum requirement of the population percentage that needs to comply with the social distancing advice, to weaken the epidemic can be obtained from the model.


The first outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic in Saudi Arabia was reported on March 2nd, 2020. Every year more than 2 million people come from more than 188 countries to Saudi Arabia to perform pilgrimage (Hajj in Arabic). Therefore, extrapolating the epidemic strength during the Hajj season (end of July) in the holy places has become essential. In this paper, we employ the power of mathematical modeling to infer the epidemic intensity over a 300 days’ time span in Saudi Arabia generally and the Holy places specifically. In particular, we obtain the following epidemiological insights such as the number of infections, the daily infection increase, the expected number of death cases, and the epidemic peak. Results indicate that, the epidemic peak has already been reached in both Makka and Madina. In addition, the number of infections will reach its saturation point by the first week of October 2020 as the daily increase in the number of infections will diminish. This means that, Hajj can be conducted safely only by reducing the number of pilgrims and providing suitable sets of preventive and precautionary measures.


Objective: To estimate the use of chiropractic care and perceived value for spinal conditions.

Methods: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data from the Sample Adult for 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012 and the Adult Alternative Medicine for 2002, 2007, and 2012 files were analyzed. National Population Estimates (NPE) was generated by applying the complete survey design structure. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were generated to explore the likelihood that the respondents reporting spine-related problems would see Doctors of Chiropractic (DC) or other providers compared to those reporting no spine-related problems.

Results: Reported use of chiropractic increased from 7.61% in 1997 to 10.11% in 2012 (p-value<0.001); the NPE increased by 8,023,162 adults. The OR of seeing a DC among those with the spine-related complaint was significantly higher (ranging over time from 4.31 to 3.09) than other providers, except in 2012 in which physical therapists were highest. For respondents reporting spine-related complaints, the OR was 2.40 (95%CI=1.28-4.50) for using chiropractic compared to osteopathic manipulation. Respondents with spine-related conditions were more likely to have a DC as their personal healthcare provider [OR(95%CI=3.48(2.60-4.65)]. Over 96% of those who did reported that it helped and were less likely to report using prescription medication [OR(95%CI) = 0.44(0.35-0.55)], over-the-counter medication [OR(95%CI) = 0.80(0.65-0.99)], surgery [OR(95%CI) = 0.35(0.23-0.52)], or physical therapy [OR(95%CI)=0.50(0.40-0.63)]. They were less likely to report receiving a recommendation from a medical doctor to seek chiropractic manipulation [n=224 (19.15%); OR(95%CI=0.49(0.39-0.62)].

Conclusion: The general use of chiropractic in the United States is slowly increasing but utilization is still low compared to that of primary care providers like MDs and NPs. A majority of NHIS 2012 respondents with spine-related problems used chiropractic manipulation for treatment and those who did were more likely to report that it helped and less likely to report using prescription and over-the-counter medications, surgery or physical therapy. Yet chiropractic care was hardly being recommended by medical doctors.


Background: Cardiometabolic diseases like type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart failure, and other cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity across the globe. These conditions are directly attributed to modifiable behaviors such as sedentary activity, poor diet, excessive consumption of alcohol, or smoking. Efforts aimed towards their prevention and management are, therefore, not only essential in the accomplishment of the healthy populations but also for eliminating the associated cost and health burdens. Dietary change is an important approach to the promotion of cardiometabolic health. Omega 3 (C20–22 ω 3) polyunsaturated fatty acids have pleiotropic effects on the functioning of cells, control inflammatory factors, and cellular events in vascular endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. The hypolipemic, anti-arrhythmic, and anti-inflammatory properties of fatty acids offer cardioprotection. Government agencies and national heart associations recommend increased consumption of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplements and fish to prevent cardiometabolic diseases.

Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role played by ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in promoting cardiometabolic health.

Methods: The research study searched databases such as MEDLINE®, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL® and the Cochrane Library for relevant research studies evaluating the function/benefits of polyunsaturated fatty acids particularly ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in promoting cardiometabolic functions published between 2011 and 2020. A total of 77 research studies were identified and used in the meta-analysis.

Results: Results from the meta-analysis indicated that polyunsaturated fatty acids lower the risk for cardiovascular disease by limiting inflammation of blood vessels, reducing thrombosis, increasing levels of high-density lipoproteins, reducing levels of low-density lipoproteins, and reducing risk factors associated with hypertension.

Conclusion: Given the benefits of polyunsaturated fatty acids lower the risk for cardiovascular diseases indicted in the meta-analysis. Therefore, human diets must contain the required amounts of PUFA due to the associated benefits.