Journal of Health Care and Research


Journal of Health Care and Research

About this Journal

Journal of Health Care and Research is an open access international journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles. The Journal is a Tri-annually Publication. It is dedicated to the production of commitments in all fields of exploratory and connected inquires about health sciences. The editors welcome unique commitments that have not been published and are not under thought somewhere else.

Papers acknowledged for publication are double-blind refereed to ensure academic integrity. This Journal endeavours to give the most happening and best research……

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Why Publish With Us

  • All the published articles are open access which means it’s free to access from anywhere in the world.
  • Each case published in this journal can improve health outcomes.
  • We offer fast publication while providing rigorous peer review to maintain the integrity of information.
  • Each article will be published under a Creative Commons license and authors are the copyright holder.
  • We are committed to the highest standards of peer review.
  • We’re proud of the impact and influence this journal have – from citations to social media shares.
  • We’re committed to promoting your work as widely as we can and providing as much visibility and exposure for your article as possible.


Latest Papers


Introduction: Covid-19 has a positive-stranded RNA, which is characterised by protruding spikes that enhance replication.

Objective: To offer detailed information on treatment approaches that are applied in preventing Covid-19.

Methods: Information was obtained from PubMed and CINAHL. SPSS and Microsoft Excel were used to analyse the data and graph it accordingly.

Results: There are many treatments such as chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, RDV, Lopinavir or Ritonavir, and Arbidol combined with Favipiravir. On analysing the structures and mechanisms, RDV indicated better secondary and primary outcomes, including early clearance of the viral load and reduced hospital stay. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were found to be efficacious in vitro; however, their effectiveness in vitro declined due to adverse outcomes.

Conclusion: Due to the repurposing of the drugs described, it is important to combine treatments to control Covid-19 while developing vaccines. There is a need for further extensive research on huge samples to establish the efficiency of specific therapies and treatments.


Geriatric medicine has similar points of view to rehabilitation medicine. They have common concept for stages as disease (disorder), impairment, disability, and handicap. WHO has announced International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) has been evaluated rather high in geriatric syndrome, such as sarcopenia, frailty and cognitive impairment. Frailty seems to be found approximately 10-14% for more than 65 years. Sarcopenia implies a situation that physical function is reduced by muscle loss. These are evaluated by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) and Asian Working Group for sarcopenia (AWGS) criteria.


Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease. In Thailand, public health professionals are the main stakeholder for risk management. The aim was to explore the reflections of the public health students regarding the first case of a COVID-19 patient near a university area, southern Thailand.

Study design: The cross-sectional qualitative study.

Methods: The study was conducted written on one page which contained four elements of the reflection concept. Students’ reflections were collected by the researcher after oral consent. The data analysis used the thematic analysis technique and included the following five steps: 1) reading and rereading to understand reflections, 2) identifying the coding, 3) setting the category of the coding in relation to meanings, 4) interpreting the theme based on their meaning and related phenomena, and 5) setting the main themes.

Results: Ninety public health students that studied at a 3rd level classification of a community public health program. Almost all (77) were women (85.6%), were 20-21 years old, and had received information regarding the coronavirus outbreak from social media, family members, other students, lecturers, and other people. The 17 themes and 35 sub-themes of the reflection concept included three themes’ regarding the seven sub-themes of “What I faced”, five themes regarding the six sub-themes of “What I did”, four themes regarding the seven sub-themes of “What Happened”, and five themes regarding the 19 sub-themes of “So what or now what” elements.

Conclusions: The reflections of the public health students are important for lecturers, the university, and their parents for supporting and guiding them to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.


Introduction: Herd immunity refers to developing immunity in individuals by acquiring natural immunity or through vaccination. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in a city in China, Wuhan. Currently, no vaccines are available to treat and cure the Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: Information was gathered from electronic databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar. These articles were checked for relevance with recent articles and journals were included while older ones were excluded. Data analysis was then performed using MS Excel and SPSS.

Results: Current epidemiological evidence suggests different countries have varying infection rates, therefore varying rates of reproduction number. The current minimum threshold required for herd immunity currently stands between 50-66.67%, although rates vary differently across the globe.

Conclusion: A vaccine development is anticipated to be critical in controlling the Covid-19. However, there are several limitations, including changing and managing trends at the virus epitope, differences in the reproduction number across different countries and varying geographical locations, underreporting of infection rates across countries across the globe, and the varying infectious nature of the virus among the demographic population. Regarding the presented information, the vaccine development would significantly accelerate herd immunity and play a key role in managing the disease.


Consumption of natural raw materials is causing climate changing, by an acceleration of glaciers, oceans, and forests’ depletions with the contemporary accumulation of waste materials. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has further incremented the waste material of plastics because of the obligatory use of surgery masks, made prevalently by the non-biodegradable polypropylene. Thus, the necessity to change the way of producing and consuming transforming the linear economy based on the taking, make, and waste in the circular economy of reducing, reusing, and recycling. Changing the actual way of living, it will be also possible to drastically reduce the increasing plastics waste that, invading lands and oceans are entering into the food chain with negative effects on fauna flora and the human’s wellbeing. Just to remember the global production of plastics exploded from 1.5 million metric tons in 1950 to nearly 350 million metric tons in 2017 and, disposed to the landfill as waste, are producing global greenhouse gas emissions of 2.8 billion tons per year. Being the technology ready, it is proposed to produce natural polymers, such as chitin and lignin which, obtainable from waste materials, may be used to produce biodegradable goods and surgical and beauty masks. By this way it will be possible to maintain the natural raw materials for future generations, saving human wellbeing and the world’s biodiversity.


Background: Today, people are living longer than ever before due to advances in education, technology, medicine, food distribution, and public health. Longevity has also resulted in a caregiving burden in the family living together. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation of the elderly caregiving burden in Nepal.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out in a rural area of Nepal. The total sample size for this study was 150 older persons 65 years and above. The caregiving burden was measured through the widely used scale Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI).

Results: Mean age of the care recipients (elderly) was 78.46 (±7.78) years and the mean age of the care provider was 46.6 (±46) years. The mean score of the caregiving burden was 12.89 (±5.7). The majority of the caregiver has reported little or no burden (88%), 10% mild to the moderate burden, 1.33% moderate to severe burden and only one respondent (0.67%) has reported severe burden. Marital status, ethnicity, religion, living arrangement, and functional limitations on activities on daily living were significant variables related to caregiving burden.

Conclusion: This study shows the caregiving burden is quite low among Nepalese care providers living in a rural area. Given the growing number of elderly people, there is an urgent need to care for the wellbeing of dependent older people and their families.


Background: Cardio-metabolic disease is one of the deadliest diseases responsible for the current mortality and morbidity cases. Smoking, drinking alcohol, poor diet, sedentary activities, and malnutrition are some of the modifiable behaviors attributed to the cardio-metabolic disease. Improving dietary operations helps in the eradication of cardio-metabolic complications because the consumption of a balanced diet improves the pleiotropic functioning of cells. It also regulates the inflammatory as well as properties that are against inflammatory acids in the cardiovascular protection process. The purpose of this research is to study the function of Omega-3 and Omega-6 single-chain lipids acids in enhancing cardio-metabolic health.

Methodology: Researchers visited several medical databases required in the acquisition of relevant information and analysis to evaluate the functional importance and effectiveness of Omega-3 and Omega-6 single-chain lipids in the prevention of cardio-metabolic complexions.

Results: The findings of the research, as mentioned above process, showed that Omega-3 and Omega-6 acids keep the cells off from contracting cardio-metabolic complications. They perform this operation by lowering the inflammatory index of arteries, reducing blood clotting, and decreasing the level of low-density lipoproteins in the body.

Conclusion: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) protect the body from cardio-metabolic risk. The human diet should have the right constituent of PUFAs to increase the concentration of single-chain lipids required to protect cardio-metabolic disease in the body.