ASPLORO OPEN ACCESS PUBLICATIONS
An international peer-reviewed open access journal presenting original research contributions and scientific advances in genetics, genomics and evolutionary biology including molecular biology and molecular evolution.
Transmission of Dengue Hemorrhagic fever by Aedes aegypti mosquito is influenced by several environmental factors, namely temperature, humidity, and rainfall. This study aims at identifying the relationship between environmental factors and dengue vector population density. A longitudinal entomological study was performed in the city of Kassala, Sudan, in 20 households in each of the 20 clusters during the three seasons of 2014 and 2015. Data were collected using spotlight in any water-holding container where immature stages of Aedes spp. were detected. Immature mosquitoes were counted and classified into larvae and pupae. Ambient temperature and relative humidity in each cluster were recorded, and the total rainfall of Kassala City was obtained from the main Meteorological Station in Khartoum. There was a significant positive correlation between rainfall and number of Ae. aegypti females at Garb Algash and Khatmia areas. Larval instar 4 and pupae were positively correlated with high humidity at Khatmia and Altora areas. In autumn season, there was no strong correlation of all the stages with all climatic variables. There was also positive significant correlation between ambient low temperature and number of females in autumn season.
Necrotic enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most complex and least studied problems in neonatal surgery, which significantly affects mortality rates.
Aim of the study: Determination of the safest and most effective method of anesthesia during surgical interventions for necrotic enterocolitis in newborns.
Material and methods of the study: We conducted a study of two variants of anesthesia, namely non-inhalation anesthesia using dormicum and caudal block, as the first option, and propofol in combination with caudal block as the second version of the technique.
The results of the study: The adequacy of caudal anesthesia with lidocaine at a dose of 6 mg/kg was evaluated based on the onset of symptoms of a nociceptive hemodynamic reaction (tachycardia, arterial hypertension, increased stroke volume, and cardiac output). An analysis of the technique of balanced caudal anesthesia, as part of general anesthesia, which we use in surgical interventions for NEC in newborns revealed its high efficiency. The frequency of side effects of caudal blockade and complications in connection with its implementation was insignificant. The listed complications were not threatening the patient’s life and the prognosis of the course of the postoperative period. According to the literature, complications associated with the technique of creating the caudal block are quite rare.
Background: Health problems concerning psychosomatic bio-psycho-social matters have been recently emphasized. Among them, the research for transactional analysis (TA) and egogram have been in focus. Authors have investigated egograms in various subjects including university students.
Case presentation: The case is a 23-year old male student. When he entered the university at 19 years, his egogram was good-hearted type (Type Na). His current egogram is administrator type (AC inferior). Concerning egogram factors, the actual values were as follows: Critical Parent (CP) was 3 to 5, Nurturing Parent (NP) was 14 to 15, Adult (A) was 5 to 15, Free Child (FC) was 8 to 12 and Adapted Child (AC) was 12 to 5.
Discussion: Elevated CP may be from understanding rules and organizational theories in society. Increased A is probably from learning the expertise of liberal arts, computers, mechanics and others in the university. When he was a freshman, he could not decide several matters by following other people from high AC level. Through his various experiences, he can judge adequately with achieving human growth. Consequently, AC seemed to be at the standard level. The current report will be expected to become useful reference for further research in the future.
Hepatoid adenocarcinoma (HAC) is defined as an extrahepatic tumor with hepatocyte differentiation. Hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the stomach (HAS) is a rare type of gastric cancer characterized by unique clinico-pathological features and a poor prognosis. We report a case of a metastatic HAS with a review of the literature.
The distal radius fracture is a common injury in old persons. His treatment remains a critical challenge because of number of cases, the final cost of the procedure, the level of X-rays irradiation and a demanding technic of fixation in osteoporotic bone. The entire closed procedure requires a strict percutaneous nailing. This offers advantages in terms of post-operative pain, per-operative irradiation and cost. The main problem was so far the ability to insure a stable reduction in time. This point is discussed with the introduction of the “Nail-oflex®” nail. A continuous series of 83 patients is introduced.
The ureter is a common site of congenital anomalies which may be associated with a considerable morbidity particularly among young patient. The congenital anomalies of the ureter coexist with multitude of other urinary tract anomalies but it may occur independently. It is more common in females. The complete duplication of the ureter may not produce symptoms which would suggest the presence of malformation. Therefore, such anomaly may not become apparent until later in life. Further, this anomaly might not be recognized prior to the surgery and hence, missing of the stone is highly possible.
Herein we present a case of complete ureter duplicate with an obstructive stone located close to VUJ of one limb of the duplicate. A sound knowledge of the surgical anatomy and of the congenital ureter anomalies is essential for correct diagnosis and appropriate management.