Pulmonary Venous Thrombosis and Cerebrovascular Accident in a Young Oral Contraceptive User Patient: A Case Report | Abstract

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports

ISSN: 2582-0370

Article Type: Case Report

DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6221

Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2020 Dec 29;4(1):6-10

Lai IK1, Buschle MN1, Grava S1*
1Biological and Health Sciences Center, UniCesumar, PR, Brazil

Corresponding Author: Sergio Grava ORCID ID
Address: Biological and Health Sciences Center, UniCesumar, Av. Guedner 1610, Maringá, Paraná.
Received date: 24 November 2020; Accepted date: 21 December 2020; Published date: 29 December 2020

Citation: Lai IK, Buschle MN, Grava S. Pulmonary Venous Thrombosis and Cerebrovascular Accident in a Young Oral Contraceptive User Patient: A Case Report. Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2020 Dec 29;4(1):6-10.

Copyright © 2021 Lai IK, Buschle MN, Grava S. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords: Venous Thrombosis, Oral Contraceptives, Pulmonary Embolism, Stroke, Pulmonary Thromboembolism

Abbreviations: OC: Oral Contraceptives; CVA: Cerebrovascular Accident; VTE: Venous ThromboEmbolism; WHO: World Health Organization; DVT: Deep Vein Thrombosis; PTE: Pulmonary ThromboEmbolism; CVAi: Ischemic Cerebrovascular Accident; ICU: Intensive Care Unit; ASA: AcetylSalicylic Acid; MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging; CT: Computed Tomography; LMCA: Left Medium Cerebral Artery; CTA: CT Angiography; EE: Ethinyl Estradiol; APC: Activated Protein C; EMA: European Medicines Agency; PRAC: Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee

Abstract

Since there are millions of pill users around the world, the relationship between oral contraceptives, thrombotic events, and the cerebrovascular accident has been the focus of numerous studies. Most of the cases described in the literature are of deep venous thrombosis in the lower limbs and thromboembolism in the pulmonary artery. This article aims to report a rare case of pulmonary vein thrombosis, along with cerebrovascular accident in a young patient who uses oral contraceptives. We seek to elucidate this relationship between the use of different oral contraceptives and the risk of thrombus formation, in addition to providing a brief review of these pathological episodes in the body. In view of the scarce existence of studies with reports of pulmonary venous thrombosis, it is expected to provide information to the entire medical community.

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