Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports
Article Type: Case Report
Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2020 Aug 28;3(3):178-85
Fernandes ALM1, Araujo AHSL1, Fonseca CC1, Pinto CDC1, Mata DS1, Pacheco GAN1, Sant-Ana GMC1, Barbosa INL1, Barreto IC1, Gribel LH1, Resende LAF1, Faria LP1, Silva LFF1, Caplum MC1, Luz MS1, Mourão PA1, Amaral VM1, Zimmermann JB2,3,4,5*
1Gynecology and Obstetrics Service, Barbacena School of Medicine (FUNJOBE), Barbacena, Minas Gerais State, Brazil
2Medical School of Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Brazil
3Healthcare Center of the University Hospital, Medical School of Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Obstetrics service, Brazil
4High-Risk Prenatal Care, Brazil
5Zimmermmann Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Brazil
Corresponding Author: Juliana Barroso Zimmermmann ORCID ID
Address: Gynecology and Obstetrics Service, Barbacena School of Medicine (FUNJOBE), Barbacena, Minas Gerais State, Brazil.
Received date: 28 June 2020; Accepted date: 15 August 2020; Published date: 28 August 2020
Citation: Fernandes ALM, Araujo AHSL, Fonseca CC, Pinto CDC, Mata DS, Pacheco GAN, Sant-Ana GMC, Barbosa INL, Barreto IC, Gribel LH, Resende LAF, Faria LP, Silva LFF, Caplum MC, Luz MS, Mourão PA, Amaral VM, Zimmermann JB. Cerebral Vascular Accident in Young Women: A Problem for Pregnancy and Contraception? Report of Two Cases. Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2020 Aug 28;3(3):178-85.
Copyright © 2020 Fernandes ALM, Araujo AHSL, Fonseca CC, Pinto CDC, Mata DS, Pacheco GAN, Sant-Ana GMC, Barbosa INL, Barreto IC, Gribel LH, Resende LAF, Faria LP, Silva LFF, Caplum MC, Luz MS, Mourão PA, Amaral VM, Zimmermann JB. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Cerebrovascular Disease, Stroke, Eclampsia, Pregnancy, Hemorrhagic, Ischemic
Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a neurological medical emergency and one of the main causes of death worldwide; it is classified as ischemic or hemorrhagic. The disease is one of the most severe clinical events related to pregnancy due to thrombogenesis and thrombophilia; there is an incidence of 25 to 34 CVD per 100 thousand births. The current research reports two cases of stroke episode, one previous and another during pregnancy, as well as their associated complications. The first patient had hereditary thrombophilia caused by PAI 4G/5G polymorphism and previous stroke; however, she had regular pregnancy. The second patient had hereditary thrombophilia caused by protein C deficit, had a stroke during pregnancy, and preeclampsia in the first gestational semester; therefore, she was subjected to the cesarean section on the 35th week of pregnancy. Stroke episodes during pregnancy can be very aggressive because it can lead to death or disabilities, not only in the mother but also in the fetus. Based on the association between thrombotic processes and complications, prophylactic anticoagulant therapy is recommended for women with thrombophilia who had a stroke and/or certain adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as recurrent miscarriages.