Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports

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Case Report | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Apr 12;4(2):88-92

Multiple Adult Xanthogranuloma: A Rare Case Report with Characteristics
Xin Tian, Suling He, Runxiang Li*Jianqin Wang*

Pages: 88-92 | First Published: 12 April 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6235

Multiple Adult Xanthogranuloma: A Rare Case Report with Characteristics

Multiple adult xanthogranuloma (MAXG) is an uncommon adult form of xanthogranuloma. The clinical manifestation of MAXG is relatively rare, but it has characteristic histopathological and immunohistochemical features. MAXG is mainly associated with cutaneous damage, and extracutaneous manifestations such as cervical spine, intracardiac, and periocular lesions have rarely been reported.

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Case Report | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 May 03;4(2):93-98

Grade 4 Liver Laceration after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Case Report
Sharoon Samuel*, Brent Brown, Nita Mason, Tony Abdo

Pages: 93-98 | First Published: 03 May 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6236

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving medical procedure used in the setting of cessation of cardiac and respiratory function of a patient to maintain vital functions. CPR was developed in the 1950s as mouth to mouth resuscitation. Defibrillation, chest compression and ventilation were added to CPR in 1960.

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Mini Review | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Apr 30;4(2):99-102

Trend for Clinical Use of Metabolic Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)
Hiroshi Bando*

Pages: 99-102 | First Published: 30 April 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6237

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

The problems among obesity, diabetes mellitus (DM), fatty liver, metabolic dysfunction have been prevalent, and diagnostic criteria as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been used in practice. When diagnosing NAFLD, to exclude other related liver diseases was necessary, including excessive alcohol intake. The international experts proposed the proper term from NAFLD to metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD).

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Case Report | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Jun 08;4(2):103-106

A Novel Approach for Removal of an Impacted Extraction Balloon Catheter in Common Bile Duct During ERCP- A Case Report
Nauman Idrees*, Srisha Hebbar, Rakesh Sringeri

Pages: 103-106 | First Published: 08 June 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6238

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports

Common bile duct stones are managed endoscopically in a majority of cases. This is carried out using Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and CBD stones are removed successfully in 80-90% of the cases. Stone extraction is usually carried out using the extraction balloon catheter or a dormia basket. ERCP is associated with a 3-5% risk of complications including pancreatitis, perforation, bleeding, and aspiration.

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Editorial | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Jun 08;4(2):107-109

Current Perspectives of Periodontal Disease (PD) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Hiroshi Bando*

Pages: 107-109 | First Published: 08 June 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6239

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

Combination of diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal disease (PD) has been a problem. Diabetic cases with PD showed elevated odds ratio (OR) compared to those without PD, where retinopathy 2.8-8.7, nephropathy 1.9-8.5, neuropathy 3.2-6.6, cardiovascular complications 1.3-17.7, and mortality 2.3-8.5. Medical and dental staffs always manage to check DM and PD.

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Commentary | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Jun 30;4(2):110-13

Some Measures for COVID-19 Including Deep Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diode (DUV-LED), Gc protein-derived Macrophage-Activating Factor (Gcmaf), and 5-Aminolevulinic Acid (5-ALA)
Hiroshi Bando*

Pages: 110-113 | First Published: 30 June 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6240

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

Several trials for the COVID-19 pandemic are found. Prof. Shunji Nakamura, Tokushima University was awarded the 2014 Nobel prize in Physics for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Deep ultraviolet LED (DUV-LED) causes SARS-CoV-2 inactivation as 99.9% by 265 nm. Gc protein-derived macrophage-activating factor (GcMAF)-based immunotherapy has a wider application for serious infection, chronic fatigue syndrome, and cancers. Covid center in Naples submitted a phase II report concerning GcMAF and COVID-19 in Feb 2021.

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Case Report | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Jul 02;4(2):114-18

Renal Infarction and Decreased Splenic Perfusion Secondary to a Left Ventricular Thrombus: A Case Report
Sahib Bhatia, Salim Chamoun, Ashwin Sidhu, Muhammad Zafar, Nalin Ranasinghe, Leonard Ranasinghe*

Pages: 114-118 | First Published: 02 July 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6241

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

We report a case of a 67-year-old man who presented to urgent care with a one-week history of left-sided abdominal pain and oliguria. Over the past month, he reported feeling fatigued as well as noticed decreased urine output. The patient does have a significant cardiac medical history that includes coronary artery disease with a previous myocardial infarction, reduced ejection fraction, and hypertension.

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Case Report | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Jul 02;4(2):119-24

Palliative Modified Radical Mastectomy to Improve Quality of Life by Decreasing Disease Burden: A Case Report
Sohayla Rostami*, Seth B. Ladd, Linda Stewart, Jackie Battista

Pages: 119-124 | First Published: 02 July 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6242

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

In cases of advanced pathology, palliative medicine is able to confer a great deal of relief to the patient. In the same light, surgical intervention is able to provide increased quality of life in cases of extensive disease burden, providing palliation where curative measures cannot be achieved. In the case study therein, a patient presents with metastatic breast cancer with a localized fungating mass contributing to severe local and systemic symptomatology. In this setting, invasive management of her disease allowed for clinical improvement of the patient when medical management alone was not sufficient. The patient quickly demonstrated recovery of her symptoms in the post-operative phase when the local disease was resected. The utilization of invasive measures, as seen in this case, further proves the importance of multidisciplinary palliative care where surgical measures are included in patient care.

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Original Article/ Clinical Perspective | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Jul 12;4(2):125-31

The COVID-19 Vaccines Can Lead to False Positive Mammograms and Breast MRI. How Can we Decrease the Impact Caused by Post-Vaccination Lymphadenopathy in Breast Cancer and Oncology Patients?
Rasha A. Al-Khafaji*

Pages: 125-131 | First Published: 12 July 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6243

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

There has been an increase in reporting clinical or radiological axillary lymphadenopathy after the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccination. Cancer care is complex and multidisciplinary, which requires care events to be orchestrated promptly; radiology often serves a key role in diagnosis, post-diagnosis and is sometimes the patient’s first step in cancer care initiation, especially in breast cancer. Radiologists are also a key role in other Multidisciplinary Teams (MDT) dealing with different departments. Therefore, identifying unnecessary management within the health system can generally enhance the patient’s experience, reduce the pressure from providing extra health services, and reduce health costs.

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Clinical Study | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Aug 08;4(2):132-44

ABO Blood Group System and Periodontal Disease Indices: A Cross-Sectional Study in Greek Adults
Nikolaos Andreas Chrysanthakopoulos*

Pages: 145-52 | First Published: 08 August 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6244

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

Periodontal disease (PD) is characterized by a multifactorial etiology and affects a large population worldwide. Dental plaque accumulation is the main etiologic factor; however genetic factors seem to play an important role in PD pathogenesis. Consequently, it would be interesting to focus on the influence of genetic factors in PD patients and to investigate the possible association between those and PD. One of those factors is the ABO blood group and it would be important to investigate if the antigens of the ABO blood group have somehow increased the susceptibility to the PD. The ABO blood groups system discovered decades ago and its antigens are biochemical indices that are expressed in several cell types including erythrocytes, gastrointestinal cells, lung epithelial cells, mucosa cells, plasma and other body fluids.

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Case Report | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Aug 12;4(2):145-52

Satisfactory Rapid Response to Xultophy Associated with Meal Tolerance Test (MTT) by Carbohydrate Loading
Hiroshi Bando*, Noboru Iwatsuki, Kazuki Sakamoto, Tomoya Ogawa

Pages: 145-52 | First Published: 12 August 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6245

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

The case is a 69-year-old male patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) for 21 years. His diabetic control was not so satisfactory, and his HbA1c value increased in spring 2021. Then, he started Xultophy (IDegLira), which includes a fixed ratio of two agents of basal degludec and liraglutide. Just after providing Xultophy, the daily profile of blood glucose decreased from 179-400 mg/dL to 112-171 mg/dL, with remarkable clinical efficacy. He usually takes 80g of carbohydrates in breakfast, and the meal tolerance test (MTT) was challenged. As carbohydrate loading was given 100-75-50-0%, postprandial hyperglycemia at 60-min showed 277-219-159-133 mg/dL, respectively.

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Editorial | Open Access | Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Aug 15;4(2):153-56

Current Data on Lower Prevalence and Age-Related Aggravation of COVID-19 in Japan
Hiroshi Bando*

Pages: 153-56 | First Published: 15 August 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6246

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

Pandemic COVID-19 has been crucial problem worldwide, and authors have reported less prevalence and excess death in Japan. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan presented COVID-report of July 2021 Edition. Among them, the number of people diagnosed with COVID-19 in Japan was 796,835 until July 1, 2021, which is equivalent to 0.6% of the total population. Aggravation rate of COVID-19 increases remarkably with aging. The result shows 1, 4, 10, 25, 47, 70< in 30s, 40s, 50s, 60, 70s, 80s< years old, respectively. In contrast, it shows 0.5, 0.2, 0.3 in <9, 10-19, 20-29 years, respectively.

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