VOLUME-2 | ISSUE-3 | YEAR-2021
Original Article | Open Access | J Health Care and Research. 2021 Aug 02;2(3):137-45
Prevalence and Predictors of Influenza Vaccination Among Adults with High-Risk Conditions, United States, 2019
Saji Saraswathy Gopalan*, Devi Kalyan Mishra, Ashis Kumar Das
Pages: 137-45 | First Published: 02 August 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/hcr.6199
Influenza could be associated with illnesses, severe complications, hospitalizations, and deaths among adults with high-risk medical conditions. Influenza vaccination reduces the risks and complications associated with influenza infection in high-risk conditions. We assessed the prevalence and predictors of influenza vaccination in a national sample of adults with high-risk medical conditions in the United States.
Review Article | Open Access | J Health Care and Research. 2021 Sept 27;2(3):146-52
Damage in Dentistry
Pages: 146-52 | First Published: 27 September 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/hcr.6200
Dentistry is one of the clinical disciplines that is closely related to medicine, but also to the technology of making various devices and placing artificial materials that compensate and/or upgrade lost teeth and surrounding structures. Dentistry is also medically responsible for the treatment of patients with diseases of the oral cavity. The main task of dentistry is healthy teeth and oral cavity, ie their preservation and treatment of damaged teeth. Caries is the most common dental disease, and is caused by the multiplication of bacteria inside the oral cavity due to lack of oral hygiene. If not treated in time, caries penetrates deeper tooth structures and destroys them which leading to tooth decay. The most common symptoms of caries are tooth sensitivity and toothache. If these symptoms occur, it is necessary to perform an examination at the dentist in order to prevent the disease immediately at the beginning and to avoid significant consequences for dental health. If caries is not treated in time, there is a high chance that irreparable damage will occur to the teeth and tooth tissue, which can ultimately result in the loss of one or more teeth.
Commentary | Open Access | J Health Care and Research. 2021 Nov 01;2(3):153-56
Pages: 153-56 | First Published: 01 November 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/hcr.6201
Recent topic concerning weather-related pain or meteoropathy is described. Such symptoms are observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, or headache, neck pain, stiff shoulder, back pain. Patients often feel pain when atmospheric pressure showed lower pressure of 1003-1007 hPa or decrease of 6-10 hPa. From psychosomatic point of view, decreased self-efficacy or higher catastrophic thinking are involved. Several questionnaires are useful for the evaluation, such as Pain Disability Assessment Scale (PDAS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Pain Self–Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ), and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). For treatment, exercise–induced hypoalgesia (EIH) would be effective.
Original Article | Open Access | J Health Care and Research. 2021 Nov 15;2(3):157-69
Pages: 157-69 | First Published: 15 November 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/hcr.6202
Objective: To confirm the validity and reliability of a job satisfaction instrument to assess the satisfaction of administrative staff at Hanoi Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital, Vietnam.
Method: Study was conducted in two phases. First, a nine-step translation process was done with an appropriate instrument for measuring job satisfaction among administrative staff at the hospital. Second, a quantitative survey of administrative staff in the hospital (n=243) was undertaken to investigate the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Expert review (n=7), pre-testing (n=8) for item appropriateness, rewording and rephrasing were conducted before the quantitative survey and test-retest reliability assessment (n=30 participants) were also undertaken.
Result: The final instrument for meassuring job satisfaction among administrative staff at the hospital consists of 7 dimension and 28 items, pay and benefits (7 items), reward and recognition (6 items), supervision (3 items), working conditions (3 items), communication (3 items), co-workers (3 items), and nature of the job (3 items). The CVI for the overall scale was 0.96, much higher than the threshold recommended by other instrument developers. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of individual dimensions ranged from 0.658 to 0.867. The test-retest reliability coefficients over an interval of 15 days were ranged between 0.757 and 0.895, showing that the instrument had good test-retest reliability over a short period. The results of this phase showed that the new instrument was valid and reliable for assessing the job satisfaction of the administrative staff.
Conclusion: This is the first study to confirm the validity and reliability of the instrument for measuring job satisfaction of administrative staff working in a hospital in Vietnam, which appears to have good psychometric properties. It could be used for regular monitoring and evaluation of the hospital’s human resource.
Original Article | Open Access | J Health Care and Research. 2021 Nov 15;2(3):170-75
Pages: 170-75 | First Published: 15 November 2021 | DOI: 10.36502/2021/hcr.6203
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the tongue pressure of older adults who require nursing care and to clarify the relationship between dysphagia symptoms and tongue strength.
Methods: The participants were Japanese older adults (age: ≥ 65 years) in need of care who were able to communicate with others and agreed to participate in the study. Tongue pressure was measured using TPM-01, a tongue pressure measuring instrument. The Dysphagia Risk Assessment for Community-Dwelling Elderly was used to assess dysphagia. The association between tongue pressure and 12 dysphagia symptoms was analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance.
Results: The average tongue pressure was 23.22 ± 9.9 kPa. Tongue pressure was significantly associated with occasional food spillage from the mouth and sputum formation in the throat during meals or after eating or drinking (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Decreased tongue strength should be suspected in older adults with food spillage from the mouth or sputum formation in the throat during meals.