Diabetes Research: Open Access
Article Type: Original Article
Diab Res Open Access. 2020 Jul 17;2(2):38-45
Rao SN1*, Kuldeep GB2
1Professor, Department of Biochemistry, AECS Maruthi Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2Chief Medical Administrator, Sri Krishna Sevashrama Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Corresponding Author: Sujatha N Rao
Address: Professor, Department of Biochemistry, AECS Maruthi Dental College, Off Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore – 560076, Karnataka, India.
Received date: 16 June 2020; Accepted date: 06 July 2020; Published date: 17 July 2020
Citation: Rao SN, Kuldeep GB. Correlation between Hba1c, decreased HDL and Abdominal Obesity in Prediabetics of Karnataka State, South India. Diab Res Open Access. 2020 Jul 17;2(2):38-45.
Copyright © 2020 Rao SN, Kuldeep GB. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Prediabetes, HDL, Glycated Hemoglobin, Abdominal Obesity, Lipid Profile
This study aims to explore the possibility of the existence of dyslipidemia among prediabetics in India and to find the correlation if any, present between their glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and their lipid profile, and to identify the risk factor(s) if any, for the onset of diabetes. A cross-sectional study involving 212 individuals in Bangalore of Karnataka State, India from the period of August 2017 to February 2019 was considered for the study. Within the lipid profile, High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and the ratio of cholesterol to HDL displayed statistically significant differences between the means of the population of healthy nondiabetics and prediabetics. In prediabetics, HbA1c was negatively correlated with HDL. so, testing of HDL and cholesterol to HDL ratio at regular intervals for prediabetics should be made mandatory, as they fall in the risk category for developing type 2 Diabetes and this regular screening of HDL and Cholesterol to HDL ratio will prevent prediabetics from progressing into type2 diabetes later on. Regarding demographic factors, abdominal obesity was found to be statistically significantly associated with prediabetes. Hence prediabetics should follow a regular exercise regime to prevent themselves from progressing into diabetes in their later years.