Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports
Article Type: Case Report
Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2022 Feb 21;5(1):33-37
Masaki OKADA1, Hiroshi BANDO1,2,3*, Noboru IWATSUKI1, Tomoya OGAWA1, Kazuki SAKAMOTO1
1Sakamoto Hospital, Higashi Kagawa city, Kagawa, Japan
2Tokushima University/Medical Research, Tokushima, Japan
3Japan Low Carbohydrate Diet Promotion Association, Kyoto, Japan
Corresponding Author: Hiroshi BANDO, MD, PhD, FACP ORCID iD
Address: Tokushima University /Medical Research, Nakashowa 1-61, Tokushima 770-0943, Japan.
Received date: 16 January 2022; Accepted date: 14 February 2022; Published date: 21 February 2022
Citation: Okada M, Bando H, Iwatsuki N, Ogawa T, Sakamoto K. Clinical Efficacy of Imeglimin (Twymeeg) for Elderly Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2022 Feb 21;5(1):33-37.
Copyright © 2022 Okada M, Bando H, Iwatsuki N, Ogawa T, Sakamoto K. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Oral Hypoglycemic Agent, Imeglimin, Twymeeg, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, American Diabetes Association
Abbreviations: OHA: Oral Hypoglycemic Agent (OHA); T2DM: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; ADA: American Diabetes Association
Background: As an oral hypoglycaemic agent (OHA), imeglimin (Twymeeg) has been recently introduced to clinical practice for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as Twymeeg. It has beneficial pharmacological mechanisms, which are improving insulin secretion, increasing insulin sensitivity, and decreasing insulin resistance.
Case Presentation: The case is 84-year-old man with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) for 3 years. He visited late August, 2021 our clinic for general malaise and was pointed out to have post-prandial blood glucose 336 mg/dL and HbA1c 8.6%. He was diagnosed with T2DM.
Results: He was started to be given imeglimin 1000mg twice a day, and then HbA1c value was decreased to 7.3% in 4 weeks and 5.7% in 8 weeks. During 9-12 weeks, he felt loss of appetite and reduced food intake. Biochemical examination on 12 weeks showed decreased values of TP, Alb, HbA1c, glucose, free T3, and normal values of TSH, free T4. Doses of imeglimin were 500 mg twice a day for 9-12 weeks and discontinued after 12 weeks.
Discussion: Regarding appetite loss, possible causes may include MCI, previous history of gallbladder dyskinesia, adverse effect of imeglimin, and so on. Further development of research will be expected for imeglimin in the future.