Orbatu D1*, Eliaçık K1
1Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatrics
Corresponding Author: Dilek Orbatu
Address: Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Güney mah. No 1, 35180 Yenişehir/Izmir, Turkey
Received date: 11 January 2020; Accepted date: 11 February 2020; Published date: 18 February 2020
Background: Regular night’s sleep, which is among the most fundamental needs of human beings, is accepted as one of the most important factors of health and quality of life at all ages. Daily rhythm patterns effect one’s attention, memory, problem-solving skills, work, and academic performance. This research study was planned to determine daily rhythm awareness among adolescents. Considering the psychological and physiological factors brought about by the adolescent age, it is considered that it is more important to evaluate this age group in terms of daily rhythm awareness. The aim of this study was to determine the daily rhythm pattern of the adolescent age group by applying the Circadian Rhythm Assessment Scale to high school children.
Method: The study was performed in the Pediatric Clinics of Tepecik Training and Research Hospital after approvals from the local ethics committee of the hospital, and provincial national education directorate ethics committee were obtained. The students who were between the ages of 14-18 and continuing their high school education in İzmir constituted the study population. Undersigned consent forms were obtained from children who agreed to participate in the study. The sample size was calculated as 2144 participants with a margin of simple random sampling, 0.2 error margin, 0.80 power value, and a 95% confidence interval.
Results: Questionnaire forms were distributed to a total of 2144 accessible high school students, and 1953 students answered the question inquiring their grades. Accordingly, the students were in the 9th (42%), 10th (29.4%), 11th (15.9%), and 12th (3.8%) grades, while 57.3% of the study group consisted of female students. When the relationship between total scale score and gender was evaluated, it was seen that boys obtained statistically significantly higher scores than girls (p = 0.000). There was no significant difference between the scale scores and the grades of the students (p = 0.452). When the relationship between the grades and the survey questions was evaluated, it was seen that in higher grades c and d options of the 4th question were ticked, in other words, the evening hours were more frequently preferred in higher grades (r = 0.086, p = 0.000).
Conclusion: This study will raise awareness on the concept of morningness/eveningness and the factors affecting it, especially in adolescents and also it will contribute to the literature.
Citation: Orbatu D, Eliaçık K. Biosimilars: Evaluation of Daily Rhythm in High School Children. Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2020 Feb 18;3(1):44-50.
Copyright © 2020 Orbatu D, Eliaçık K. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Daily Rhythm; Adolescent