Congenital Hip Dislocation with a Genu Recurvatum in Togo: A Case Report | Abstract

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports

Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports [ISSN: 2582-0370]

ISSN: 2582-0370

Article Type: Case Report

DOI: 10.36502/2021/ASJBCCR.6232

Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Mar 12;4(1):72-76

Foli Yvon Agbeko1,2*, Mawouto Fiawoo1,3, Rollin Arnaud Djomaleu3, Magnoulelem NZonou4, Sollim Talboussouma5, Manani Hemou2, Homba Daké Batalia3, Rachel Bayahou Kérékou2, Mazama Pakoudjare2, Kokouvi Evenyo Abalo3, Bayaki Saka6, Deladem Koffi Azoumah6, Edem Koffi Djadou1,3, Kokou Nadiedjoa Douti1,2, Komlatsè Gamedzi Akakpo-Numado7, Adama Dodji Gbadoe1,4, Yawo Dzayissé Atakouma1,3
1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Togo
2CHU Campus, Department of Pediatrics, University of Lomé, Togo
3CHU Sylvanus Olympio, Department of Pediatrics, University of Lomé, Togo
4Hôpital de Bè, Department of Pediatrics, University of Lomé, Togo
5CHU Kara, Department of Pediatrics, University of Lomé, Togo
6CHU Sylvanus Olympio, Department of Dermatology, University of Lomé, Togo
7CHU Campus, Department of Pediatrics Surgery, University of Lomé, Togo

Corresponding Author: Foli Yvon AGBEKO ORCID iD
Address: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, 03 BOX 30 434, Lomé, Togo.
Received date: 22 January 2021; Accepted date: 02 March 2021; Published date: 12 March 2021

Citation: Agbeko FY, Fiawoo M, Djomaleu RA, NZonou M, Talboussouma S, Hemou M, Batalia HD, Kérékou RB, Pakoudjare M, Abalo KE, Saka B, Azoumah DK, Djadou EK, Douti KN, Akakpo-Numado KG, Gbadoe AD, Atakouma YD. Congenital Hip Dislocation with a Genu Recurvatum in Togo: A Case Report. Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2021 Mar 12;4(1):72-76.

Copyright © 2021 Agbeko FY, Fiawoo M, Djomaleu RA, NZonou M, Talboussouma S, Hemou M, Batalia HD, Kérékou RB, Pakoudjare M, Abalo KE, Saka B, Azoumah DK, Djadou EK, Douti KN, Akakpo-Numado KG, Gbadoe AD, Atakouma YD. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords: Congenital Hip Dislocation, Genu Recurvatum, Newborns, Togo, Case Report

Abbreviations: CHD: Congenital Hip Dislocation

Abstract

Introduction: CHD is a condition, which is frequent in pediatrics in the Caucasian population, remains rare in the Black population, and exceptional in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Patient: We report this first Togolese case of bilateral congenital dislocation of the hip associated with genu recurvatum observed in a newborn received on the second day of life.
The Primary Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes: The pediatric examination had noted extension of lower limbs. The thighs were in adduction with a stiff bilateral genu recurvatum. The abduction of the thighs on the pelvis was considerably limited. The Barlow and Ortolani maneuvers showed a protrusion. There was also a camptodactyly of the thumbs and a cleft palate. The rest of the examination was normal. Ultrasound of the hip showed a bilateral congenital dislocation of the hip with an estimated acetabular fundus of 7 mm on both the right and left sides. Ultrasound and radiography of the knees were normal.
Conclusion: Clinical examination at birth is the key step in diagnosis of congenital hip dislocation. In situations where diagnosis is difficult, ultrasound is of capital importance. Treatment is in the majority of cases orthopedic.

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