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A Special Spleen Mass: A Case Presentation Of A Man | Abstract

Duncan D Mugala1,2, Chansa Mulenga3, Ngoma Royd3, Banji Namusamba4

1Senior Lecturer,Copperbelt University, School of Medicine Kitwe, Zambia

2Senior Consultant General Surgery, Ndola Teaching Hospital, Zambia

3Junior Resident Surgical Doctors, STP students at Ndola Teaching Hospital, Zambia

4Final Year Medical Student at the CBU School of Medicine, Ndola

Corresponding Author: Duncan D Mugala, BSc (HB), MB ChB, MMed, FCS (ECSA)

Address: The Copperbelt University-School of Medicine, Ndola Teaching Hospital, 6th Floor West wing, O. Box 71191, Ndola.

Received date: 18 September 2018; Accepted date: 10 October 2018; Published date: 16 October 2018

Abstract

There are Type I and Type II Spleen cysts; the Type I are true primary cysts. These may have cysts with a cellular lining of parasitic appearance or non-parasitic appearance. The non-parasitic type I splenic cysts are themselves classified as congenital or neoplastic. The Type II cysts are secondary cysts, which are said to be false, they are without a cellular lining and are commonly found following a blunt trauma to the spleen [2]. The Nonparasitic splenic cysts (NPSCs) are uncommon lesions of the spleen; many are often reported in anecdotal publications. As said above the classifications of this condition have been based on the presence or absence of an epithelial lining, they indicate either a congenital or a traumatic cyst [3]. It is believed that the non-parasitic cysts of the spleen are most common in Europe and North America and the spleen cysts with parasitic infection are more common in Africa and Central America.

It is believed that the majority of splenic cysts occur as a result of parasitic infection, commonly in countries where hydatid disease is endemic in countries as mentioned above. In the Western world, however, their occurrence is extremely rare and the aetiology is less clear [4]. Is it really true that splenic cysts here are parasitic infections?.

Citation: Mugala DD, Mulenga C, Royd N et al., “A Special Spleen Mass: A Case Presentation Of  A Man”, Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep, vol.1, no.1: 16-27, 2018.

Copyright © 2018 Mugala DD, Mulenga C, Royd N et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Key Words: Epidermoid; Cyst; Nonparasitic Splenic cysts (NPSCs); Laparotomy; Laparoscopy; Spleen; Parasitic; Partial; Splenectomy; Ultrasound

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