Fasry AA1, Dissanayake DM1, Wanasinghe DC1, Jenitha J1, Damayanthi RP1, Karunakaran KE2*
1Department of Supplementary Health Sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka
2Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka
Corresponding Author: Kavuriel Eliyas Karunakaran
Address: Senior Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka. Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa, Sri Lanka; Tel: +94 777 585941; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received date: 12 March 2020; Accepted date: 25 April 2020; Published date: 12 May 2020
Citation: Fasry AA, Dissanayake DM, Wanasinghe DC, Jenitha J, Damayanthi RP, Karunakaran KE. Awareness of Cervical Cancer and Its Prevention: A Survey at Eastern University, Sri Lanka. J Health Care and Research. 2020 May 12;1(2):55-64.
Copyright © 2020 Fasry AA, Dissanayake DM, Wanasinghe DC, Jenitha J, Damayanthi RP, Karunakaran KE. This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Cervical Cancer, Awareness, University Undergraduates, HPV Vaccination, Screening
Background: Carcinoma of cervix is a preventable illness. Early sexual debut has a strong association. Sexually transmittable Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the major causative agent. Cervical screening and vaccines hold a major role in its prevention or early detection. This study aims to assess the knowledge on the aspects of carcinoma of cervix among the students of Eastern University, Sri Lanka, to evaluate the risks of contracting the disease.
Methods: A self- administered pretested questionnaire has been used. Data was analyzed using the statistical package of social science (SPSS v.18).
Results: A total of 650 students were included. 59.4% reported of ‘heard about cervical cancer’; among male cohort 64.3% and female 56.6%. 55.7% of students had very poor or poor knowledge on the warning features. About 48% (n=314) of the students were not aware of the cervical screening program conducted in the health-care system. Five hundred and twenty-one students (80.2%) reported that they have never had sexual intercourse, thus having a low risk of contracting HPV while 25.2% of male (n=60) and 6.8% of female (n=28) students had high or moderate risk with the statistically significant association (Chi-sq=42.293, p=0.000) between gender and the risk of contracting HPV. About the HPV Vaccine, 17.7% of the students (n=115) had adequate knowledge. Students of the Faculty of Arts & Culture contributed the poorest score in all aspects while students of the Faculty of Health Care Sciences had been much aware of.
Conclusions: The study revealed the poor status of the undergraduate students of the aspects of cervical cancer and also created awareness among the participants to know more with the necessity to develop online learning modules.