Address: Faculdade de Medicina de Barbacena (FUNJOB), Praça Presidente Antônio Carlos, 8, 36202-336, Barbacena, MG, Brazil; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received date: 16 March 2020; Accepted date: 14 April 2020; Published date: 18 May 2020
Citation: Mendes AB, Seabra FCA, de Sousa Bechtlufft IM, Costa JA, Ajeje LS, Guimarães MM, Rodrigues VO, de Paiva AR, Silva AC, Panconi CR, de Souza HD, Zimmermmann JB. Urinary Iodine Concentration in 24-Hour Urine of Pregnant Women and Its Association with Food and Salt Intake. Asp Biomed Clin Case Rep. 2020 May 18;3(2):119-127.
Keywords: Urinary Iodine, Thyroid, Iodine, Salt, Nutrition, Pregnant Women
Introduction: Iodine is a human body essential element, which exists in various chemical forms, of which iodide, iodine, and elemental iodine are outstanding, existing in constant amounts in saltwater.
Methods: It was an observational cross-sectional study, where 37 pregnant women attended under low-risk and high-risk prenatal care were studied from October 2016 to July 2018, attended by the Obstetrics Service of the Barbacena Medicine College and a private clinic in the city of Juiz de Fora. Exclusion criteria were incomplete records and refusal to participate in the study or urine inadequate collection.
Results: We studied 37 patients with an average of 1.5 ± 0.84 gestations, 0.45 ± 0.62 births and 0.15 ± 0.84 abortions. The mean age of the patients was 32.1 ± 7.2 years. Due to the consumption of salt, milk, and fish, there was an association between urinary iodine significant (p < 0,05).
Conclusion: It should be noted that the present study concluded that it is important to take into account the eating habits of these patients.