This review work is done to show a significance of tubulin in cancer development. Within last decades there are a lot of studies have performed in this area. Now it is clear that there are an enormous number of functions in cell performing by microtubules, a structure unit of which is tubulin. Now it used widely as a predictive factor of tumor aggressiveness, but increasingly it becomes a target for studying and treatment elaboration, since it is well-known that to nowadays tubulin-targeted medicines, such as taxanes or vinca-alkaloids, resistance develops rather quickly, so it consists a large problem in oncology. This work reveals basic microtubule functions, violations that it may undergo and consequences of these. Also it is described here the main modern tendencies in creation of remedy which will make it possible breakthrough treatment resistance barrier.